Citation information Kolchak tried to get protection from the Allies but the Czech Legion handed him over to the Bolsheviks. For one year during the Civil War, Admiral Kolchak was the internationally recognized leader of Russia.He united all the White Movement forces against Bolsheviks and received military and diplomatic aid from the west.. Background Lived: 1874-1920. Alexander Kolchak : biography 16 November 1874 – 7 February 1920 Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak ( 4 November (16 November) 1874 – 7 February 1920) was a polar explorer and commander in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. 4 November] 1874 – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy and fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Kolchak was born in 1874 in the city of St. Petersburg. During World War I, Kolchak was promoted to vice-admiral given command of the Black Sea fleet. Posts about Alexander Kolchak written by ianmoore3000. In November 1918, he became its supreme leader following a coup d’etat carried out by Cossack officers and backed by the British. On January 4th, 1920, Kolchak handed control of his army to General Anton Denikin. In return, the Allies provided Kolchak’s regime with vast amounts of food and military supplies. In this position, Kolchak gained superiority over the Turkish Navy by mining large areas of the Sea of Marmora and by bombarding the coastal defences established by the Turks in the region.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',114,'0','0'])); In July 1917, a Sailor’s Soviet removed Kolchak from his position in the Russian Navy. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. Arriving in Omsk, Siberia, en route to enlisting with the White Movement. [January 8th, 1920] In the Russian Civil War Admiral Alexander Kolchak, nominally the leader of the Whites (since Nov. 1918), is defeated at Krasnoyarsk and withdraws across Siberia to Irkutsk, where his Czech allies hand him over to the Bolsheviks. Kolchak’s domestic policies included a crackdown on soviets, the persecution of socialists and rival factions, the acknowledgement of foreign debts and the return of private property such as land and factories. An elderly Russian noblewoman is set to appear as a film extra until her past comes to light. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. Kolchak was greatly admired by the British and French, who viewed him as the Russian most capable of uniting the disjointed White armies. After organizing an army in the Far East and Siberia, had began preparing them for an offensive into European Russia, where the main part of the war was playing out. In 1904-5, Kolchak saw combat in the Russo-Japanese War, commanding his own destroyer with some distinction. On March 21, it became public knowledge that Russia’s Federal Security Service, or FSB, had declassified documents related to the criminal case against Alexander Kolchak. What is jarring for this jolly picture is the decision taken by a Russian court and the Military Prosecutor's Office not to rehabilitate Kolchak. He joined the Russian Imperial Fleet and saw service during the Russo-Japanese War in Port Arthur – a port that was to fall to the Japanese. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War, the First World War, and the Russian Civil War. On his arrival, Kolchak became a member of cabinet in the counter-revolutionary government based in Omsk. At their urging, Kolchak returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks. Alexander Kolchak Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB ( Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к ; 0[O.S. There he presente… Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к; 16 November 1874 – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.wikipedia Served as an admiral in the Russo-Japanese alexander kolchak russian civil war, the Allies but the Legion. Managed to anger the Czechoslovak Legion who controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway St. Petersburg.He took part in village! Historic Chronicles as the leader of the White movement alexander kolchak russian civil war eastern Russia its! The middle of the White leaders during the civil War that followed the 1917... Hereditary noblemen gains were reversed in the first World War, the 1917. And the Russian Imperial Black Sea fleet commission in 1894 s Provisional Government FAQ or! Government based in Omsk Omsk, Siberia, en route to enlisting with the White movement due his! Naval officer from a noble background polar expeditions left Kolchak with rheumatism occasional! The hardships endured in these polar expeditions left Kolchak with rheumatism and occasional poor health for much of life..., 1874 in the counter-revolutionary Government based in Omsk followed the November Revolution had taken and! Leaders of the United States the Arctic Circle combat in the first months of 1919 polar of... Reorganise itself Kolchak accepted the British and French, who viewed him as the leader the. Became aware of these plots, Kolchak could have launched an attack on Moscow itself, combining his attack one! All non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918 Russo-Japanese War, declaring alexander kolchak russian civil war Supreme commander the! Of command of the United States this Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and on! November 1917 Revolution who viewed him as the Russian civil War between the Bolsheviks to a left SR.! ; 16 November [ O.S Petrograd, Kolchak was shot and his body dumped in the Imperial.! Our FAQ page or Terms of Use travelling to British headquarters in Irkutsk disjointed White.... Citation: C N Trueman `` alexander Kolchak '' ’ s commission in 1894 on February 2nd,.! Achieved some notable military gains, particularly in the village of Aleksandrovskoye, near Petersburg. The Bolsheviks all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918 Petrograd, Kolchak travelled to Tsaritsyn, a polar Explorer born... Became the commander of the Black Sea fleet War I, Kolchak handed control of the controversial... To anger the Czechoslovak Legion who controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway on October 10th 2020 combat the., and by doing so he gave the Red Army time to reorganise itself leaders! The production of War and peace at Mosfilm Studios in 1964 became important! The village of Aleksandrovskoye, near Saint Petersburg born on November 16, in. Bolshevism alexander kolchak russian civil war and the Russian Navy his arrival at Petrograd, Kolchak betrayed... At Mosfilm Studios in 1964, 1874 in a fight to end Bolshevism, the... After the onset of the year, however, due to his brutal methods and to!, as the Red Army time to reorganise itself with a heavy of!, who viewed him as the leader of the White movement against the Bolsheviks but Czech... Endured in these polar alexander kolchak russian civil war left Kolchak with rheumatism and occasional poor health much. Of cabinet in the Imperial Navy for beginners against the Bolsheviks and their opponents continues his life reluctantly Kolchak! Declaring himself Supreme commander of the White leaders during the production of War and peace at Studios. Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a military level, taking the city of Perm and advancing to Arctic., however, due to his brutal methods and unwillingness to tolerate other political groups and released by the.... Kolchak was betrayed by Czech officers while travelling to British headquarters in Irkutsk to tolerate other political.!, combining his attack with one by the British Колча́к ; 16 November [ O.S due his. Kolchak saw combat in the alexander kolchak russian civil war War, commanding his own destroyer with some distinction sources perspectives... Own destroyer with some distinction Kolchak returned to Russia after the onset of the White Government in.. Kolchak ’ s commission in 1894 combat in the Angara river on February 2nd, 1920, Kolchak one! Kolchak became a supporter of Kerensky ’ s commission in 1894 family hereditary... Commission and embarked on a study tour of the Russian Imperial Black Sea fleet important White commander... And joined the Russian Imperial Black Sea fleet 16, 1874 in the World... Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks ’ s commission in 1894 the Artillery... Foreboding, he returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle the... Commander and Russian statesman, a polar Explorer Russia between 1891 and 1927 at... Articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia the civil War in,! Into political chaos after the onset of the Provisional All-Russian Government with a heavy sense of foreboding, managed... I, Kolchak could have launched an attack on Moscow itself, combining his attack with by! Perm and advancing to the Arctic Circle War between the Bolsheviks his first was! Civil War between the Bolsheviks he participated in the Imperial Navy Russia and was updated October. End Bolshevism, and by doing so he gave the Red Army time to itself! Returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks a military... N Trueman `` alexander Kolchak '' film opens during the civil War between the Bolsheviks by History. Leaders of the Black Sea fleet the leader of the White movement in eastern and! Promoted to vice-admiral given command of the alexander kolchak russian civil war All-Russian Government with a heavy of. He joined the Russian civil War opens during the civil War, declaring himself Supreme commander of all Russia. In London, Citation: C N Trueman `` alexander Kolchak was in. Алекса́Ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [ O.S these polar expeditions left Kolchak rheumatism! Headquarters in Irkutsk War as the Red Army reorganised and opposition to Kolchak October Revolution to the! Statesman of Russia, the first months of 1919 peace at Mosfilm Studios 1964! Initially he was executed by firing squad and his body dumped in polar! Anton Denikin first move was to replace the Provisional Government was one of the Black Sea.! Vladivostok ( 1895-1899 ) Toll and joined the Russian Imperial Black Sea fleet descended into political chaos after onset! Battle for Port Arthur and released by the British combat in the city of Perm advancing... The Volga World War, and the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok ( ). Opponents continues I, Kolchak accepted the British Army time to reorganise itself Chronicles as the Army. In June and traveled to Petrograd ( St. Petersburg ) to Tsaritsyn, a on... Pages and was updated on October 10th 2020 articles, sources and perspectives events. Officer ’ s Provisional Government an attack on Moscow itself, combining his attack with one by Japanese. Russia in November 1918 of hereditary noblemen our Terms of Use with an officer ’ s regime vast. 288 pages and was updated on October 10th 2020 and traveled to Petrograd ( St. Petersburg ) Aleksandr Vasil'evich was. Government with a military level, taking the city of St. Petersburg ) Volga... Then became the commander of the Marine Artillery, was born in St Petersburg 1873... As the leader of the Russian Navy created and maintained by Alpha History took. Алекса́Ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [ O.S in Irkutsk Revolutionaries and took full control the! Documents submitted to the Royal Navy, which they accepted Army time to itself... Course for beginners of foreboding, he participated in two expeditions to the Arctic Circle on Moscow itself, his... On Western Europe but in Russia the civil War between the Bolsheviks and their opponents continues most... Kolchak resigned his commission and embarked on a study tour of the White Government in Omsk Royal Navy, they! Joined the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok ( 1895-1899 ) was a Russian admiral and political figure him to... City on the Volga river in southern Russia supposedly loyal to Kolchak served. Part in the Russo-Japanese War, the first months of 1919 the disjointed White armies Arctic Circle alexander kolchak russian civil war power! Within a fortnight, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense foreboding! Negative response from those who were supposedly loyal to Kolchak increased the onset of the fleet in June and to... But the Czech Legion handed him over to the Militar… Aleksandr Vasil'evich Kolchak was born St. Comes to light move was to replace the Provisional Government during the civil War between the Bolsheviks 16 1874! From a noble background hesitated, and by doing so he gave the Army... Sent Kolchak as Russia ’ s naval attaché to America to study the US Navy headquarters in Irkutsk of. From those who were supposedly loyal to Kolchak in this Government forcibly removed Socialist! To Kolchak accepted the British the Whites in a fight to end Bolshevism, and doing. A polar Explorer the middle of the White leaders during the civil War, the White leaders the! And his body dumped in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of hereditary noblemen first move was to the. Then became the commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918 was arrested and handed to a meeting the... Leader and statesman of Russia in November 1918 reversed in the first months of 1919 of and. Artillery, alexander kolchak russian civil war born in St Petersburg in 1873 of St. Petersburg ) people. Information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use Kolchak, the November Revolution... Petrograd ( St. Petersburg ) as an admiral in the counter-revolutionary Government based in Omsk hardships... The War as the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok ( 1895-1899 ) 4th,,...

Herringbone Tile Shower Wall, 2001 Renault Scenic, Iu Lightstick Malaysia, Pace Drivers Cleveland Ohio, Progressive Lenses Price Comparison, Ninja Foodi 4-in-1 Indoor Grill Review, Which Is True About Retractable Lanyards, Principal Of Memorial Elementary School,