People can be exposed to violence in many ways. Poverty levels stood at 9.9 per cent per cent in 2007. The primary contributing factors for crime and violence in Jamaica is a challenge to identify as crime and violence can thrive in so many environments. In 2008, the poverty level rose to 12.3 per cent and in 2009 it rose further to 16.5 per cent," Golding said. Unemployment = Poverty = Crime: The state of emergency is thus more than paying for itself. "It is naturally a matter of concern to us. Crime has this capacity to generate vicious cycles causing unemployment, economic downturns and instability. Poverty and crime combined together leave people with two choices: either take part in criminal activities or try to find legal but quite limited sources of income – when there are any available at all. So the 'crime costs five per cent of economy' formula means a 20 per cent murder rate decline saves roughly J$1.5 billion per month. JEL Codes: I39, Y80, J12, O54 They may be victimized directly, witness violence or property crimes in their community, or hear about crime and violence from other residents. Gated resorts are not immune to violent crime. Instead there is a much stronger link between the major political parties and crime incidence than there is between financial status and crime. Since the 1970s Jamaica's obvious internal threat has come from social violence. The number of murders and other violence causes Jamaica to have one of the highest crime rates in the world. Key words: violence, crime, Jamaica, prevention . But this is not the case. Poverty is expected to decline further with rising per-capita GDP, lower unemployment, and strengthened safety nets. The Global Recession of 2007. According to the World Bank, in 2012, the official poverty rate in Jamaica fell just shy of 20 percent. Jamaica’s police force is understaffed and has limited resources. Last Updated: Apr 13, 2020 It is not unique to Jamaica and I am not offering that as an excuse. Crime and violence levels remain high, emphasizing the need to address the issues of youth unemployment, education, and social cohesion. Crime and violence experienced by individuals living in a community is an important public health issue. Unemployment, poverty and crime. Jamaica’s population is estimated at approximately 2.7 million people. In 2017, Jamaica’s homicide rate was 56 per 100,000; in 2018, the homicide rate dropped to 47 per 100,000, but remains three times higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. A matter of concern. Poverty does not cause crime the way a bacteria causes disease or else everywhere in the world where poverty exists, crime would be rampant. Police statistics in Jamaica has shown that since the year 1999 Jamaica’s crime rate has steadily risen. 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